Many people have tried using toothpaste as a spot treatment for pimples, but it could do more harm than good.
This particular home remedy has no scientific support, and it is difficult to pinpoint its exact origins.
Toothpaste might seem to be an effective spot treatment because it contains drying agents and antibacterial compounds. However, the ingredients in toothpaste may have more risks than benefits when it comes to skincare.
Toothpaste contains many ingredients that benefit dental health, such as:
- calcium carbonate
- sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS)
- sodium bicarbonate (baking soda)
However, many of these ingredients are too harsh to use on the skin. People may find that toothpaste irritates or dries their skin out. This effect could be particularly dangerous for those with dry or sensitive skin.
Having overly dry skin can stimulate excess oil production, which could, in turn, trigger further breakouts of spots and pimples.
Having a new pimple pop up the night before a big event or experiencing a stubborn breakout that lingers for weeks on end can be frustrating. However, before people reach for their toothpaste, they may wish to consider the following alternative pimple remedies instead.
People who experience frequent breakouts can try using over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription-strength acne treatments.
Although these treatments can be highly effective, they may also lead to side effects and might not be right for everyone. A person should work with a doctor or dermatologist to find the best treatment for them.
OTC treatments usually work well for mild-to-moderate breakouts of acne and pimples. These treatments come in various forms, including gels, creams, and cleansers, and they generally contain the following ingredients:
- salicylic acid
- benzoyl peroxide
- alpha hydroxy acids
Doctors can prescribe topical or oral treatments for people who have severe acne. Some of these medications include:
- oral isotretinoin
- oral minocycline
- topical tretinoin
- topical or oral clindamycin
- oral antibiotics
- oral birth control pills
Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil comes from the Melaleuca alternifolia tree. Compounds in tea tree oil have powerful anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, which may help kill acne-causing bacteria and soothe irritated skin.
In a 2016 pilot study, researchers asked 14 individuals between the ages of 16 and 39 years with moderate acne to use tea tree oil products twice a day. The tea tree oil products reduced the number of acne lesions by 54% after 12 weeks.
Four of the participants experienced minor side effects, including minor itching and moderate scaling, peeling, and dryness. However, these side effects cleared up within a few days.
In a 2018 randomized trial, 60 individuals between the ages of 14 and 34 years with mild-to-moderate facial acne received one of the following treatments:
- natural acne treatment containing 3% tea tree oil, 20% propolis, and 10% aloe vera
- acne cream containing 3% erythromycin
The researchers concluded that the natural treatment containing tee tree oil was significantly more effective than the other two treatments.
The aloe vera plant contains at least 75 different minerals, amino acids, and vitamins. These compounds promote wound healing, reduce skin irritation and inflammation, and prevent skin infections.
The anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial compounds in aloe vera may help fight blemishes.
In one 2019 study, 60 participants with mild-to-moderate acne received either a natural gel containing aloe vera, mangosteen peel, and camellia tea extracts or a 1% clindamycin gel. The participants used these products twice daily for 28 days.
The participants using the natural gel experienced significant reductions in skin redness, hyperpigmentation, and the number of acne lesions compared with those in the group using the clindamycin gel.
However, some people may experience adverse skin reactions to pure aloe vera and commercial products containing it. It is advisable to perform a skin patch test before using aloe vera on the face.
It is not a good idea to use toothpaste as a treatment for pimples and acne. Although toothpaste contains ingredients that keep the mouth clean and prevent dental disease, it does not follow that it will benefit the skin in the same way.
The chemicals in toothpaste can irritate the skin, causing dryness that can stimulate the oil glands in the face. Excess oil production may result in new or worsening breakouts of acne.
People who have severe acne can speak with a dermatologist about other prescription treatment options.